Retford dive-under commenced construction in 1963 and was completed in 1965, which including re-signalling cost £1 million which in 2016 prices would be £13.5m.
It was essential to ease rail traffic congestion due to the flat-crossing that split the LNER & the GCR (the LNER is now the ECML and the GCR is the low-level line).
The construction would see a huge amount of soil removed, over 350,000 tonnes and 26,000 tonnes of concrete used. It would also see the closure of several signalboxes; Whisker hill , Ordsall Road , Welham Road, Gringley Road, Checkerhouse and Rushey Sidings in 1965.
The area was resignalled and control transferred to Thrumpton crossing signalbox via a brand new 'NX' type panel, after the removal of Thrumpton's own lever frame. Retford South would no longer control the so-called 'ex GC' lines.
Pictured above is the construction of the retaining wall at Gringley Goods Loop, the loop however is yet to go in. The footbridge from Trent street in pictured in the foreground.
Above: West Carr road sidings go in. However this was removed at a later date.
Standing on the concrete footbridge, the photographer takes a fascinating picture of the London road side and the new lines.
Note the two lines to the left that would have taken traffic up and over the flat-crossing, now disconnected.
Pictured above is a steamer passing Thrumpton signalbox on the line to Lincoln, still showing the connection to the LNER before the dive-under was built. The box at this point was using mechanical signalling.
This picture shows what the work was all for; to remove the flat crossing which was becoming a bottleneck and restricting the speed of the expresses that would soon be dominating Retford. Now of course the iconic East Coast mainline.
The buildings to the right of the former Retford South signalbox is Network Rail offices today, which is where I am based.
With the dive-under completed, the flat-crossing is removed on the 13th of June 1965 with a steam powered crane.
49 years after opening, and this is what it was built for; to allow the former Great Northern line to pass over the former Great Central line. This shot shows a freightliner on its way to either West Burton or Cottam power station and a GBRf freight passing above on the East Coast mainline going South towards London.
The flat crossing pictured above was just to the right of this picture.
Picture courtesy of Stephen Miller (via his dad John Miller).
These extracts give a good insight into just how big this engineering project was.
An extract from the 1965 signalling instruction to drivers and signallers detailing the work and subsequent closures.
A class 47 has just passed Mansfield Road level crossing and is on its way towards Worksop. The three tier bridge installed as part of the dive under can be seen in the background with a DMU just visible going up to the high level. The golfers footbridge dominates the skyline however.
The signalling has all changed and the signals seen (signals;T1 at yellow, T5 at red and D62 on the right) are now all gone following a £16m re-signalling scheme completed in 2013.
Picture courtesy of John Miller.